原题如下:

The best solution to traffic congestion in cities is offering free public transport 24 hours a day, seven days a week. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 20170121 / 20140109

仔细审题不难发现,其实题目中有一个非常关键的“极端词”需要考生注意,既是best。这个词使得题目表述过于极端绝对,因此考生如果从否定题目的角度来论证此题就会更加容易入手。

既然题目如此绝对,那么下文就从一个更加极端的角度来论证,这根本不是什么最好办法,其实它连一个好办法都称不上。

In this present-day society, with the pervasiveness of private vehicles in urban areas, almost everyone has the experience of being stuck in traffic jam. As a result, some people arbitrarily regard it as the most effective method to tackle traffic congestion that municipal governments should provide a free public transport system working incessantly.

开头段,仍然是常规的背景介绍和点明题目,并无其他赘述。

Primarily, operating a public transport system in a city does require a great number of money, which can only be provided by local governments if the whole system is free of charge for the public. This, without a shadow of doubt, causes financial deficit of governments. In most of cases, governments utilize financial subsidies to reduce fare of public transport in order to encourage the general public to take public transports instead of driving their own cars. Few authorities dare to enact the free ticket policy as they are definitely able to predict that the huge financial burden is completely unendurable for them.

主段一,只论证该方法的一个主要缺点,就是钱从何来的问题。公共交通的免费肯定是依托政府的财政支持,如此一来政府的经济负担必定会加重,甚至导致政府破产。

Worse still, a free public transport system available to citizens all the time wastes plenty of social resources since it excessively generates the populace’s demand of transport. A considerable proportion of people will choose to live far away from where they work or study in the daytime because of the relatively low rental they pay for, without carefully calculating whether they can afford the fare of public transport or not. On top of this, some people are more willing to travel in the city to meet their friends who they do not have to meet necessarily. Social resources like human resources are, accordingly, being wasted randomly.

主段二,着重强调该办法的另外一个缺点,就是浪费资源。由于交通系统的免费,就会更加刺激大家的交通需求。甚至可以刺激大家一些根本就不必要的交通需求。一个切身的例子,就拿我本人来说,我在外读书时,近三年未回家。最主要的原因就是交通不便,票价不菲。现如今小朋友们恨不得周末都可以直航回国,其实很大的一个方面就是日益便利的国际航班在刺激大家的交通需求。

In summary, convenience of public transport can substantially enhance people’s demand of transport, consequently consuming more social resources and costing more funds from governments. By analogy, the free public transport system working all the time cannot be regarded as a possible solution at all, let alone the best one. 

通过上文的两个主要缺点的论证,那么很容易就可以得出结论,这根本不是什么好办法,就更别说是最好办法了。

 

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